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Freon is actually a brand name of refrigerant. It is registered by a national organization such as National Refrigerants, that produces, recovers and distributes refrigerants across the nations. The better question is what is refrigerant? Refrigerant is a gas substance that is in heating and air conditioning units to produce temperature change inside of your coils to allow for hot air or cold air to enter your home, property or business. This is a very simple way to look at it, this gas either causes the coil to be hot or cold and when the blower motor blows air across your coil, that is what you feel moving into your supplies. That is the most simple way to put it. Not having the proper charge can cause a numerous amount of problems and damage to your HVAC system. This is why it is so important that your system is checked regularly. Refrigerants have to be calibrated and carefully checked in order to assure that they are operating at the right boiling temperatures. We have to make sure that your coils are allowing for proper evaporation and condensation in order to assure that your home is reaching the temperature desired, that you are staying comfortable and that you are getting the best use out of your system. Low refrigerants can cause your power bill to sky rockets as well.